In the recent past, there have instances of worker unrest in automotive industry leading to loss of life and property. Demand for better wages has been at the core of these unrests. At the same time, experts say that India has been able to create enough jobs in spite of being one of fastest economies in the world. According to Sudeep Sen, Head of Industrial and Manufacturing Vertical, TeamLease Services, the problem is not about jobs, but about wages. He believes formalisation of jobs (ie movement from informal to formal jobs) can help to solve the problem of wages. With automation being adopted, the need for new roles and opportunities in the form of quality control, agile automation, smart tools instrumentation, etc will increase. In this conversation with Rakesh Rao, Sudeep Sen explains the impact of new manufacturing technologies and electric vehicles on the job market.
Needless to say, this automation and its adoption is on the rise and hence, will be part of the automated industry. It is important that Engineering graduates in the field of mechanical, civil, electrical domain get exposure of working on smart tools. This is the ultimate gift of machine learning and possession of these skills give the required technical flair in one’s resume.
There is a huge requirement of modellers, draftsman & administrators wherein they need to have a minimum of 1 to 3 years of experience and have knowledge in digitization projects using various tools such as SmarPlant tools (S3D, SPI, SPPID, SPEL), Bentley tools (P&ID, Instrumentation, Electrical & 3D), AVEVA tools (P&ID, Electrical, Instrumentation, 3D) or Siemens COMOS.
Overall, there is an increased demand of 10 to 12 per cent in the engineering sector. With digitization at its peak, this is just the beginning for a smarter engineered India, wherein we will make, assemble and commission more in India.
There is 12 to 15 per cent increase in the demand for skilled staff in the engineering and industrial sector. However, it is important to know the skill set required to enhance careers and the technological demand of today.
3D printing technologies: On a day to day basis, 3DPT (as is known) is increasingly being adopted in commercial engineering setups, the demand for the same has increased by 15 per cent in 2018, the need of the hour is for the engineers that are skilled in using additive manufacturing technologies, or that are adept at integrating it into production processes. This technology was initially used for prototyping work. However, the 3DPT has now penetrated into production applications, making components for usage in the aerospace, defence, medical, automotive and power generation industries.
IoT: With the concept of smart factories, the technology enables us today to inter-network devices and equipment, thereby increasing productivity, efficiency and agile automation. It means that the equipment on its own is programmed to pick up the errors, malfunctions and do a smart alert. There is a need for qualified and skilled professionals to then act on the practical steps ahead and, thus, IoT as a stand-alone will contribute to an increase in demand of jobs by 15 to 20 per cent. In figures, this means additional 1 lakh jobs in the next 1.5 to 2 years.
Automation: With robots being installed and implemented and also plants being automated, the focus is on productivity and this is leading to skill upgradation. This will benefit the employers as well as the staffs. The impact has created new jobs and will continue creating new jobs, provided there is a will to enhance skills. For example, with automation being adopted, there are new roles and opportunities in the form of quality control, agile automation, smartools instrumentation etc.
Much to the need of today, as more and more companies are becoming reliant on technology, every step of the employee life-cycle will be recorded. The extent of data available with the HR team will go beyond the date of joining and remuneration increase. Most interestingly, there is a derivative from this data as well. For instance, if data shows that an employee is taking long time in the negotiation stage or agreement closure stages, the need for training assessment is available and training sessions can be built around the same. There is no assumption at all, it is all data driven. Similarly, data analytics will also enable HR to correlate reasons for attrition in terms of resources and even clients. Needless to say, data analytics will help in sharpen people insights and predictive analytics for proactive, cost saving and better-quality decisions from HRBP’s desks.