Wirelessness in every aspect of technology is creating a considerable impact on human-machine interaction. Amidst the raging debate between opponents and proponents of autonomous cars,
Ashish Gulati, tells us about how IoT is the inevitable future of the automotive industry.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is changing the world rapidly in a connective manner. The world is getting smaller and smaller by connecting things. There is no business in the world which is untouched by the IoT wave of connectivity. We’ve already seen that IoT is creating a considerable impact on health care, agriculture, retail and it has already started influencing the approach we tend to take toward our cars while purchasing and driving them. Industry 4.0 assembling is about the expanding network of smaller and smaller segments. Co-operation between machines, items, individuals, procedures, processes, and endeavors which trigger positive change at each level.
The IoT empowers transformational change, and there is no doubt that the auto sector is changing to a great degree at a very quick pace. IoT-related advances will draw a map for the business to follow, and the connected cars will assume a noteworthy part on the streets and in the economy without bounds. Connected cars and IoT offer numerous opportunities for both consumers and automotive manufacturers. For consumers, connected cars mean integration with entertainment, traffic and navigation information, and advanced features such as remote diagnostics and maintenance, safety, and emergency assistance. For manufacturers, connected cars and telematics enable valuable insights into vehicle operations and performance, remote diagnostics, safety services for the lifetime of a vehicle, and create better contact with customers.
Advancement of driverless cars, the ultimate expression of a car that drives itself, is being developed through IoT. Such a car would be 10 per cent equipment and 90 per cent programming. It would be connected with everything: vehicle to vehicle, vehicle to cloud, and vehicle to driver. Cars would be connected without the direct involvement of the driver, through the help of software that is still in the process of being perfected. Such a move would be an awesome thing for individuals who abhor driving. Consequently, vehicles are not just going to be all about driver comfort and super ergonomics, there would a new era where you can see driverless cars all around.
Connected cars will turn into a hub of infotainment information and excitement which would meet IoT to make a very surprising background for the user. In the future, vehicles will come implanted with telematic arrangements that would make driving a delight. Drivers would have applications on the dashboard that would give them ongoing excursion reports, activity reports, hand signal sensors to help counteract mishaps, speech-to-text functionality to prevent the woes of typing, and most recently, gaming frameworks to provide in-car gaming and Wi-Fi hotspots.
One of the biggest advantages of driverless cars is safety. According to WHO, worldwide 1.24 million people die each year in road accidents and as many as 50 million are injured. Human error causes over 90 per cent of these collisions. Driverless cars, which can sense other vehicles on the road as well as obstacles and lane markings, are already proving to be much safer than human-driven cars. Driverless cars use a mix of GPS, cameras, complex scanners and sensors to detect vehicles, traffic signals, curbs, pedestrians and other obstacles. Vehicle data can be used to create safer, more personalised automotive journeys, improved vehicle safety, and greater driving experience. The increase in the number of connected cars will not only help the automotive industry but also the suppliers and consumers. The increase in consumption for connected cars would pave the way for new opportunities for designers, app developers and web developers. Of course, the initial milestone will focus on car-to-mobile connection, but this will eventually spread to vehicle-to-vehicle and then vehicle-to-infrastructure connection. Connected cars will also provide real-time monitoring of the vehicle’s status and operation. Vehicles can be tracked in the event of car-jacking and alerts to safeguard the driver can be sent to relatives. Remote control of the vehicle can be implemented in countries where this is allowed by law. Optimisation of routes and driving expenses. For all this to happen globally some road safety laws have to change. For example, as per European law, only those vehicles can come on the road that have a human sitting behind the steering.
The connected automotive sector is a growing sector in India and is expected to grow exponentially in the coming years. Connected cars are a major element of IoT revolution globally. According to Gartner, the global connected car production will grow almost 10-fold in five years, from 12.4 million in 2016 to 61 million in 2020.
Connected cars have exploded thanks to IoT. As of now, automakers are interfacing their vehicles in two ways: embedded and tethered. Embedded autos utilise a built-in antenna and chipset, while tethered autos use hardware to enable drivers to interface with their cars by means of their cell phones. Moreover, app integration is becoming commonplace in today's vehicles. Google Maps and other route devices have started to supplement work in GPS frameworks. Applications, for example, GasBuddy, show the driver where he or she can locate the cheapest fuel in their locality area. Music applications, for example, Spotify, remove the need for traditional or even satellite radio.
Soon autonomous driving will become the norm. Driverless cars will change the experience of driving completely in the coming years. Government as well as private sector will play a major role in it. Future techniques of the auto companies should concentrate on increased environmental safety concerns, rising fuel prices and cost-effectiveness. Innovation has to focus on increasing efficiency and reducing emissions. IoT will become a significant player in the auto industry because of its ability to benefit customers, manufacturers, dealers and the whole eco-system.
Ashish Gulati is the Country Manager of Telit Wireless Solutions with six years of experience handling wireless communications productions and over 15 years in sales and marketing department working with semi conductors.