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Automotive Product Finder Magazine | Indian composites industry outlook
Indian composites industry outlook
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The Indian composites industry has witnessed single digit growth in recent years and is expected to grow at a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.2 per cent in the next five years. The major driver for the Indian composites market growth is ‘Make in India’, says Vivek Patel.
The buoyant domestic demand for composites provides a driving impetus for all stakeholders within the value chain – raw materials suppliers and end component fabricators, thus boosting employment prospects as well. Currently, the Indian composites industry is poised to provide a lucrative opportunity to the international composites community, and the still untapped markets will provide a platform for investments, both FII and DII.
The Indian composites industry has witnessed single digit growth in recent years and is expected to grow at a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.2 per cent in the next five years. The per capita consumption of composites in India is around 0.3 kg, against 2.5 kg in China and 11 kg in USA. The major driver for the Indian composites market growth is ‘Make in India’. The rise in demand of composite components is imminent for renewable energy, oil & gas, mass transportation, electrical and electronics, chemical industry, infrastructure, building and construction (smart cities development, etc.) and water management.
Overall, the Indian composites industry has experienced a comparatively healthy growth over the last five years and caters to a wide assortment of raw materials, components and sectors. The current Indian composites market is estimated at 3.4 lakh metric tonne, this is up 6.3 per cent over the previous year, and witnessed the highest growth since 2015. The market is driven by growth in mass transportation, electrical and electronics, infrastructure, building and construction. The per capita composites consumption reached 0.3 kg in 2018 from 0.25 kg in 2012. The Indian composites industry has a fragmented structure, consisting of around 3,000 stakeholders in the value chain including small, mid-sized and large players across the country.
The Indian composites industry is projected to grow rapidly to reach 4.9 lakh metric tonne by 2022. This scale of growth should result from rebounding renewable energy, growth in mass transportation, penetration of composites in the strategic sectors and modestly rising index of industrial production. During the last five years (2013-18), the Indian composites industry grew at a CAGR of about 5.9 per cent.
The Indian composites industry is less R&D intensive and poor IP protected (fewer patenting activity and scientific literature publications), and its products are marketed to OEMs and industrial users. There are six major industries where composites are mostly consumed in 2018 and these segments represented 82.1 per cent of total volume (Figure 1). Mass transportation sector was the largest user of composite components with a share of 20.5 per cent, followed by building and construction (14.2 per cent) and electrical and electronics (13.8 per cent).
The automotive industry
India plays an important role for thermoplastics and thermoset composites penetration in the automotive industry because of demand and adoption by OEMs. According to the World Bank report, India has 18 motor vehicles/1,000 people, while in China, it hovers around 69 as compared to 786 in North America, indicating significant growth potential. The Indian automotive industry has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) worth value of $15.06 billion during the period April 2000 to March 2016. However, a fall of -36.31 per cent in FDI inflows in the Indian automobile industry is witnessed to $1,609.3 million during 2016-17 over 2015-16. The Government of India allows 100 per cent FDI under the automatic route. The government has undertaken major initiatives and developments in the automobile sector, such as initiatives to set up a separate independent department for transport to resolve issues such as those related to fuel emissions, body specifications and fuel technology, and plans to promote electric vehicle, compressed natural gas based vehicle and hybrid vehicle, under the National Electric Mobility Mission 2020.
Recently, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, the nation’s largest fuel retailer, and Tata Motors have started collaboration to jointly develop indigenous hydrogen fuel cell technology. In 2016, the LNG-driven bus was rolled out in Kerala through a joint effort of Petronet LNG Ltd, IOCL and Tata Motors Ltd. Recently, around 16 companies signed memoranda of understanding with the Andhra Pradesh government for setting up auto ancillary units to cater to Korean auto maker Kia car's manufacturing facility. The automotive giant Kia Motors, South Korea is setting up its first car manufacturing plant in Anantapuramu district (AP) with an investment of $1.1 billion.
Jaguar Land Rover plans to manufacture Land Rover SUV for the domestic market as well as for export market at its plant in Pune. Electric vehicle maker Clean Motion (Sweden) plans to invest $10 million in India over the next three years. Japanese utility vehicle manufacturer Isuzu Motors has inaugurated its greenfield manufacturing unit in Andhra Pradesh at a cost of Rs 3,000 crore. Nissan Motor Co Ltd plans to bring electric and hybrid technologies to India. The world’s largest air bag suppliers Toyoda Gosei Company, TRW Automotive Inc, Autoliv Inc and Takata Corporation are setting up plants and increasing production capacity in India. The Indian mass transportation industry grew for the sixth consecutive year. It is estimated that Indian railways consumes approximately 12,000 MT of composites for battery boxes trays, roof ceiling, glass shutters, window frames and other applications.
The aerospace sector
The Government of India regulation states that 30 per cent of components should be locally outsourced by the supplier in the aerospace industry.
The Indian composites industry still faces constraints to moving ahead to cater to untapped markets. The fragmented market hierarchy within the value chain tends to cause intermediary uncertainties amongst various stakeholders with corresponding inhibitors to the growth rate. Some of the major challenges for the Indian composites industry are the need to eliminate a persistent lack of awareness of composites in the Indian industrial world and a prevailing low knowledge base, absence of solid and concrete regulatory framework/bodies, the need to promote standardisation of end-use products, recycling of composites waste and EoL, low IP activities and IP management, limited number of scientific publications, carbon fibers dependency on import markets, need to improve quality consciousness among small FRP/GRP composites manufacturers and need to step up effort to develop new products and applications.
The most significant growth driver of Indian composites industry is the huge untapped potential of the domestic market (reflected in the very low per capita consumption of 0.3 kg of composites). There is a great scope for the Indian composites fabricators and raw materials manufacturers to cater to the global export market, which will boost India’s composites consumption in the next five to 10 years. Going forward, the Indian composites market is poised to grow substantially in the next five years.
(This report is based on a White Paper launched by the FRP Institute, an apex trade body of the Indian composites industry.)
About the author:
Vivek Patel is an M.Tech from CIPET, an MBA in Marketing Management from Bharathidasan University and SIMAP from XLRI in materials science, marketing and management with over 12 years of experience in market research, consulting, and allied management disciplines in plastics, composites, nanotechnology and oil & gas. His expertise has been availed by several large industrial houses in the composites industry.
Compounded Annual Growth Rate
Indian Mass Transportation Industry
Indian Composites Industry
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